Dark web

The Dark side of the web

It’s 2018 and the world is connected now more than ever. The internet has enabled countless innovations and technology that has changed the way we function. Currently, more than 3 billion people worldwide use the web for news, entertainment, communication and a myriad of other activities. Everything we see on the web is only the tip of the iceberg. To give you an estimate, through our search engines we can access only 0.03% of the information available online. So what about the rest of it? That is where The Dark Web comes into play.

What is The Dark web?

The sites that traditional searches yield are part of what’s known as the Surface Web, which is comprised of indexed pages that a search engine’s web crawlers are programmed to retrieve. The Dark web consists of data that you won’t locate with a simple Google search.

Dark web
The Dark web is a place for people and activities who don’t want to be found

So what is the dark web really? The Dark Web is a part of the world wide web that requires special software to access. The Dark web sites are effectively “hidden”, in that they have not been indexed by a search engine and can only be accessed if you know the address of the site. Special markets also operate within the dark web called, “darknet markets”, which mainly sell illegal products like drugs and firearms, paid for in cryptocurrency.

The dark web requires a specific software program (the Tor browser) to do the trick, and it offers you a special layer of anonymity that the surface web and the deep web cannot.

Deep web VS Dark web

There is a widespread misconception that Deep web is the same as the Dark web. Contrary to popular belief, the deep web and the dark web are actually two separate definitions. A majority of the public that’s unacquainted with the dark web, tend to use these two concepts interchangeably. Here’s an infographic by Dark Web News that explains the concept with clarity.

Dark web
Source: https://darkwebnews.com/deep-web/

The contrast between the deep web and the dark web is often visually described by comparing it to an iceberg. Visualize an iceberg that is partly submerged.

Surface Web:

Everything that is accessible to the average internet user is considered as the Surface web. This is seen as the part of the iceberg that is above water. Surface web includes Facebook, Twitter, Wikipedia and more.

Deep Web:

Just below the surface of the water is the Deep Web. It’s made up of of the same general host names as sites on the surface web, but along with the extension of those domains. The deep web is the majority of the internet as a whole.

What people don’t realize is that there’s a lot the invisible internet has to offer besides illegal activity. The deep web is used to obtain banned books, organize meetings in secret and store archived personal data. Harvard’s internal communications system is an example.

Dark Web:

The last part of the iceberg that is submerged deep underwater represents the Dark web. It is a subset of the deep web that’s only accessible through software that guards anonymity. The Dark web contains URLs that end in .onion rather than .com, .gov or .edu.

The dark web requires a specific software program (the Tor browser) to do the trick, and it offers you a special layer of anonymity that the surface web and the deep web cannot. Using TOR itself isn’t illegal, nor is going on many deep web websites. The only illegal activity is what would be illegal out in the real world.

Illegal guns, pornography, terrorism and drug markets rely on the dark web. These are run by people who want to stay anonymous.

Some illegal markets on the Dark side are:

  • Guns and ammunition
  • Hackers and malicious services
  • Assassins and hitmen
  • Illegal pornography

Accessing the Dark web:

The simplest way to start using Tor is to download the Tor browser bundle (assuming you’re on Windows). You can get it at: Tor Browser. You can find installation instructions for Tor on other operating systems on the same page.

Dark web
Tor is free software for enabling anonymous communication. It is derived from “The onion router”

Once it’s installed and launched, the browser should connect automatically to the Tor network. Be warned though, some sites may contain links to illegal services and content. You are responsible for your actions as this information is purely educational.

Besides the shady people, here are a few more users of the deep web:

  • Journalists and Whistleblowers
  • Free speech and anti-censorship advocates
  • Citizens in oppressed regimes who need access to news and information

At the end of the day, it comes down to who you are as a person. Power in the wrong hands can cause trouble. But the same power in the hands of righteous men, can bring change and improve the lives of others. That’s it from us at Learn2Create and always remember: Stay safe, stay curious!

Read More News on Learn2Create – News Category



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Siddharth Menon

I'm just a kid who loves to read, think and do things!

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